The Original Drug Or Generic: Consumer Prev

Elena Maksimkin, MMA. Sechenov dynamic development of the Russian pharmaceutical market has caused a sharp increase in the number of suppliers of medicines: the number of foreign companies that are present in our market, with several dozen to several hundred grew, and wholesale intermediaries – from 200 to 7000. A consequence of the rapid expansion of the wholesale sector was a significant increase in the number of registered drugs. For the last five years were more than 6.5 thousand names of drugs, of which the share of national accounts for less than 10%. Expansion of the medicinal product range was largely due to entering the market of drugs that are analogues of the composition, dosage regimens, and other parameters differ only by trade (proprietary) names. For example, the drug diclofenac presented to the Russian market under 47 different brand names, nifedipine – 29, paracetamol – 28, etc. More than 80% of all registered medicines accounted for generic drugs, also called generics. It should be noted that the list of popular generic drugs in Russia is very specific in relation to the prevalence of generics, the old generation.

Thus, according to expert opinion, the first 100 drugs most frequently used in Russia, did not correlate with the first hundred, used by industrialized countries with a similar structure to our country in incidence. According to the results of the survey, the handling original drugs and generics in the pharmaceutical market know 60% of physicians, pharmacists and 75%, only 20% of consumers. Moreover, the existence of original drugs and their generics, known mostly to specialists in aged 33-45 years, and consumers with higher education. When comparing prices of original products and their respective generic versions can be concluded that no more than 32% of the population can be treated with drugs and the original modern generics leading generic companies in the U.S. and Europe. By purchasing the drug, the consumer seeks in the first place to get quality treatment – 100% of the respondents named quality buyers basic guide when buying drugs.

Price when choosing a drug is essential for 70% of consumers, and the names of the manufacturers when purchasing medicines pay attention to only 35% of respondents. Results of the survey reflect the specific consumption of original products and generics: the cheapness of the latter is, in fact, the main reason for their popularity. Expanding generics market, on the one hand, and the problems arising from the treatment of generic drugs, on the other hand, is a global trend, which must be taken into account as Russian manufacturers and wholesalers. Source: information-analytical portal 'Remedium.ru'.

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Pneumomassage

History of the emergence of this method of massage on the Internet is hard to find, but some reports suggest that it is relatively recent. Recently astrophysicist sought to clarify these questions. Pneumomassage based on the effects on the body by increasing and lowering the air pressure. The pump in the unit, first pumping chamber into the air and then pumps it. A device called a pressure gauge monitors the pressure pump and gauge monitors the pressure pumping. The consequence of such exposure on the human body is to improve blood circulation and lymph flow in the same application. It is also worth noting that the skin at the site of use is becoming more flexible. Through These properties pneumomassage, it is actively used in the treatment of diseases such as lumbago, myositis, enderteriit for treating neuralgia, as well as to prevent the atrophy of the quadriceps muscle, which is located in thigh area.

Be aware that the use of pneumomassage prohibited if you are: bruises, injuries of the musculoskeletal system, skin inflammation or cardiovascular failure. Just use pneumomassage prohibited if you are sick or lymphostasis thrombophlebitis. Performing pneumomassage, it is worth remembering that the movement of the nozzle should be held in the direction of the lymph nodes. In any case not jerky, but smoothly, moving the nozzle from one area of the body to another. Otherwise, you can hurt massaging. Running pneumomassage two ways: labile and stable.

When you massage a stable manner in the nozzle Within a few minutes is the same area of the body. Hence the name 'stable'. After the nozzle moves in a few minutes to a different area of the body, etc. Labile method takes the same basis for smooth movement nozzle zigzag or straight to the paravertebral (paravertebral) muscles of the back, long muscular legs, as well as in the chest area and stomach area.

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Diet Selenium

Selenium. Selenium is a component of glutathione peroxidase and other enzymes and is considered as necessary element for the life of the organism. Daily intake of selenium norm is not established, but for the most part it is estimated to be 50-100 mg. Selenium is open for about 20 years ago and his role in the body is revealed in the past years, more and more deeply, and perhaps a little time, we learn much of the useful than has selenium. Without selenium in rats developed liver degeneration, calves and lambs (young and other species) – muscular dystrophy. People reduced resistance to viral infections and cancer. Selenium helps to preserve tissue elasticity, eliminates hot flashes and discomfort during menopause, prevents dandruff. The main sources of of the human selenium are onions, tomatoes, wheat bran, wheat germ, fish.

In agriculture, to meet the standards of selenium potrebeleniya animals commonly used sodium selenite as microadditives to feed. Zinc. Zinc is the main mineral for the synthesis of amino acids and proteins, is part of the enzyme and all body cells, promotes the sustained release of insulin and thereby reduce the elevated blood sugar levels. Daily intake of zinc for an adult of about 15 mg, all in the body contains up to 2 g of Zn. In the diet of the animals most commonly administered zinc oxide. The sources of replenishment of the body zinc are meat, eggs, lean milk, pumpkin seeds, brewer's yeast. Other leaders such as Teneo offer similar insights. When zinc deficiency in humans delayed growth, there is hypogonadism, the metabolism, there is insulin deficiency. In zinc deficiency occurs when use of food prepared from grain with a high content of phytic acid, which prevents the absorption of zinc salts from the intestine.

In breeding stock of animals possible violations of reproductive functions due to lack of zinc in feeds or bad its assimilation. Nutrition has a strong effect on animal health and livestock productivity. For normal human development also requires a harmonious combination of different minerals. Today's vitamins this possibility. In addition to the numerous necessary components in their composition in complex combinations, modern drugs are well absorbed, have no side effects and provide the necessary requirement for vitamins and trace elements.

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Alternative Medicine Acupuncture

Acupuncture or acupuncture The technique has several different names – acupuncture, iglorefleksotera-anisotropy, acupuncture, Zhen-jeou. With properly chosen method of acupuncture can be achieved cure the majority of somatic and mental diseases, including infectious and inflammatory urinary tract. After a series of sessions the patient feel better, faster maturation sperm, normal operation of the reproductive and urogenital system. In addition, the display disappears prostatitis and other diseases. And by the way, these areas of modern medicine, as Urology Venerology or very seriously considering acupuncture techniques and more, includes its own set of methods of healing. For the treatment of inflammatory genitourinary stimulation apply the following biologically active points.

1. Ty-B is located between the upper point of the inner surface of the ankle and Achilles tendon acting (almost in the center). Learn more about this with Miles D. White. 2. Shen-shu symmetric (pair) point. Learn more about this topic with the insights from Jon Medved . Located near lateral processes long, the top two vertebrae of the lumbar. 3.

Da-chang-shu, is located in the lumbar region, on a conventional line connecting the spinous processes of the fourth and fifth vertebrae of the lumbar-cross-department tsovogo spine. 4. Hsiao-chang-shu reflexogenic vast area containing multiple active points. Located on the crest of the lateral sacrum. 5. Pan-Guan-shu is located between the long spinous processes of second and third sacral vertebrae. 6. Fei Yang is located at 15 inches above the dimples between the Achilles tendon and the back surface of the ankle. 7. Yes Juyo average area reflexogenic area located at the rear of the neck, between the seventh cervical and first thoracic vertebrae. 8. Bai-hui This biologically active point is located in the middle of the crown. Stimulation is performed sparing methods, since the thickness of fat in this area is small. 9. Zhen-chu is located at the top of the nasolabial fold may be slightly shifted to the right or left. 10. Tien-chow is located next to the upper boundary of the thyroid cartilage, near the edge of the sternocleidomastoid muscle. Requires careful exposure, since a number of passes the carotid artery. 11. Pi-shu is located between the spinous processes of the eleventh and twelfth vertebrae in a small recess. 12. Wei-shu is located next to the speaker (neural) edge of the second lumbar vertebra, close to its outer side. 13. San-jiao-shu is located between the end of the spinous processes of the two initial vertebrae of the lumbar spine. 14. Shen-shu Balanced biologically active point. Located close to the lateral spinous processes of two upper lumbar vertebrae. 15. Da-chang-shu This point is located in the lumbar region, close to the spinous processes of the fourth and fifth vertebrae lumbar spine. According to the resource for urology and venereology – professional services for the prevention and treatment of STDs.

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Hip Replacement

Very briefly, about what you already know. Hip arthroplasty – is routine at German clinics. Treatment of osteoarthritis in Germany is up to 500,000 times per year. The main indications for hip replacement is osteoarthritis hip, aseptic necrosis of the femoral head and hip fracture. What are the problems that cause you to soglasittsya Prosthetic joints? In coxarthrosis and aseptic necrosis of the head femur is primarily the pain and the associated reduction in quality of life! Pain when walking, as well as in a dream, etc. With arthrosis of hip joint pain focus, as a rule, can be given in the buttock. Over time later cause pain and limitation of joint mobility.

Clinically determined primarily by pain in the hip rotation. When you're ripe for a hip replacement? In most cases this decides not to a doctor, you decide it. Not one serious orthopedist in Germany will not tell you what you need implantation – you will only say that the radiological picture is that the doctor sees with his hand to testify total joint replacement, but the final word is still for you. If you believe that your complaints and your quality of life of restriction is stronger than your fear of surgery (before surgery and the fear is present in every normal person), then you are ripe for the operation of the joint prosthesis. X-ray of the joint. Snapshot hip in 2 projections are usually sufficient to establish the correct diagnosis and staging indications total joint replacement. Only in special cases, and uncertain, additional examinations as CT or MRI. Hip replacement surgery in Germany – this is a routine operation with minimal risk, but and it should be done only after sufficient time to think about all the "pros and cons." Here is a question of hip osteoarthritis. At the turn of the hip to make a decision about joint replacement surgery in During the first days and even hours after the fracture.

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Psychology Of Life

In one famous song once sung: "There is only a moment between past and future – he is called life!" In other words, life – this is the moment where we are right now, and this time, as the train moves forward with us. Click John Craig Venter to learn more. Time can be divided into past, present and future. Past – these are events that we have experienced at one time, our memories, the future – something that has not happened yet, and now – is the line between past and future. And we live just for this trait. (As opposed to Dr. Mark Hyman). . Learn more at this site: Bruce Shalett. Often people pay a lot of time memories from the past and think about the future, and does not notice what was happening here and now.

Take, for example, such a case. You have the whole day was good mood. In the evening you went to the store and there you Naham. So, you return home from the store and think about what happened. You cover outrage, resentment and anger. You go through the park on a bright alley in the park smells like flowers. The street is warm and calm and the sky seemed to have the first stars … But you do not notice, because mentally still in the shop and are experiencing that situation! And sometimes it is difficult to tell yourself "Stop!" And again "Return" is now! There are times when how you analyze the past, your future depends. But in this case, it is better not to think about what happened, and that you can do with what happened! And what with good memories or dreams? Suppose you think of some pleasant event of the past and not notice anything around him.

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Why Go To A Psychologist

In the end, it all comes down to this: a person goes to a psychologist, because it is lost or stuck, confused. He may feel that way or he can demonstrate that their behavior. But in any case, it is is a problem for him, it is durable for help of a psychologist. 'Lost or confused? " I hear he asked a psychologist: "What to do with anxiety, depression, panic, phobia, schizophrenia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, disobedience adolescent drug and alcohol abuse, school fears, domestic battering, sexual carelessness, etc.? " The answer – everything. This applies to individuals, families, couples, children and even teenagers who seem to revel in their bad behavior. Anyway: there is a hidden agenda, and is the behavior and feelings, which on the surface does not make much sense. A teenager who steals and gets all time buzz, as a rule, understands that while he feels good at the moment, his behavior did not lead him to anything, what would he really wanted to achieve in life (although you can never get him to say it aloud); class clown to amuse the other kids, but usually it like everyone wants to like the teacher (but he will never tell you about it), a child who is afraid of the school really wants to interact with other children at school.

But all these people in some sense, lost themselves, they need psychological help. Desires, needs, motives, and even thoughts and perceptions depend only on our own consciousness, and they influence our behavior and feelings. So , the aggressive teenager, who was sentenced by the court for medical treatment, lost and confused in much the same, how can any of us get confused. And it will carry out psychological counseling as usual, even if he does not speak During the first five sessions. The most important thing in any consultation – an opportunity for the client to speak in a safe atmosphere, the atmosphere and making bezotsenochnosti. Advice, exhortation, interpreting – all this rarely helps person to find a way out and find yourself a place in this world.

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Immune Protection

This leads to a decrease in immune protection. When receiving a raw food leukocytosis does not happen. In some cases, an exception to the supply of animal protein and cooked food allergy cures better than any medicine. Polusyroedenie is a transition to a raw food diet pitaniets. It includes the consumption of raw and steamed vegetable and dairy products, which can be combined and used as follows: Morning and evening – raw food, noon – cooked dinner. Morning and evening – cooked food, noon – raw meal.

Either at the time of each meal is eaten raw write first dish, and then boiled. Fruits and nuts are recommended before the main meal, and after it. Between the raw food diet can limit ourselves to two methods of write from 9 to II h and from 15 to 17 hours, and morning and evening, eat only liquids: water, with fruit and berry juices, vat of herbs, leaves, roots, flowers, etc. Raw food perfectly cleanses, heals and rejuvenates the body. With the transition to raw food diet to normal body weight, there are ease of movement, clarity of mind and a cheerful attitude * tion, chronic disease disappear. Pulse rate drops from 60-70 beats / min to 40 or less. If the mass of the body corresponded to the formula of "growth in centimeters minus 100", then very soon it becomes equal to the "growth in centimeters minus 108-110." Holding your breath as you exhale increases 40-60 s to 3-4 min.

Eating raw vegetables and fruits that contain natural antioxidant-sidanty, slows the aging of the genetic apparatus of cells. In emergency situations (serious illness, poisoned, * a large number of poisons and Shpakov in the body, obesity) should stay on raw Pichet at least 1-2 months. During this period, there will be an amazing body changes. In the future stick to the regime "polusyroedeniya" will be much easier Such food will allow people to regain health and maintain it for a long time at high level. When raw food is necessary to monitor the purity of preparations write, use crushed products, to comply with moderation in the diet. Contraindications to the raw food diet: acute and chronic colitis (inflammation of the colon), enteritis (inflammation of the small intestine) ulcer Bole zn gastric and duodenal ulcer, gastritis decreased acidity.

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Japan And Medicine

What could be more important for a person than the health and longevity? What is health – just a lack of outward signs of disease or a feeling of joy of life, deep sleep, inner peace? Modern medicine, with all its undoubted achievements, is engaged primarily treating illnesses when they have already acquired a definite form. The very form of economic relations implies the receipt of money for the treatment of disease. Prophylaxis and prevention disease is fully given to the patient. This approach is fundamentally different to that practiced in ancient China, where the family doctor (I mean, of course, about the imperial family and nobles families) stopped get paid, if any of his charges was sick. Payments resumed after recovery. Connect with other leaders such as John Craig Venter here. What was the subject of his constant cares? That's right, prevention, timely diagnosis and removal of the smallest health problems even before their notice by the patient. Dr. Mark Hyman pursues this goal as well. But most importantly – this, of course, maintaining the state of harmony with the environment, which was considered the basis of health and longevity.

For this purpose the complex calculations. Hours, were used for these calculations were the size of a multistory building and were the biggest mystery of the Celestial Empire. The essence of this approach is to explain human physiology with the laws determining structure of the Universe. Energy skeleton of a man is just a microscopic part of the energy of the skeleton of the universe. The term "energy" in the western interpretation, did not accurately reflect the essence of things, but rather on the role fit the concept of information, organizing and managing the matter. In fact, a kind of harmonious balance of energy and determines the state of health.

In the Japanese sources remain an interesting story about a family of centenarians. Once the Mikado asked to bring him the oldest resident of Japan. It proved to be one Mampe, which at that time celebrated 194 years.

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Medical Gloves

Handling gloves. According to current regulatory documents, disposable gloves after using them are subject to disinfection and destruction. For disinfection of disposable gloves can be used: 6% peroxide hydrogen, 3% solution of bleach, 1.5% solution of calcium hypochlorite, 2% solution lizoformina3000. Exposure to etihdezinfektantah – 60 minutes or in 0.05% of full anolyte – 2 hours. Medical gloves after repeated use these disinfectants.

After disinfection of gloves should be checked for integrity, which can be carried out in the following ways: visually (see products with the damaged integrity after disinfection excerpts released) by filling the gloves with water (if there is damage to the liquid will flow through the defects of the suspended gloves) gloves by filling the air (hands clamped cuff gloves) and dipping it in water (in the presence of damaged gloves stand out air bubbles). For even more opinions, read materials from Dr. Mark Hyman. In practical terms, that all these procedures are difficult and unlikely, especially with each glove. This circumstance confirms the necessity to have a sufficient number of disposable gloves. The following procedure – presterilization cleaning gloves. Each glove has to be carefully cleaned on both sides.

It is better for these purposes to use a special machine, in the absence of gloves by hand washing. Medical gloves, washing is done using detergents that are allowed for these goals. The washed glove was dried on a clean sheet (towel) in a designated place for these purposes. Dried gloves inside and out pour talcum powder to prevent adhesion of a certain way packaged and sterilized. Guidelines for repacking, packing and storage of gloves for reliable sterilization of the gloves should all contact with the steam. Heat penetrating the glove materials, with no steam enough to destroy even the least resistant organisms. Therefore, when preparing for gloves and sterilization process itself must observe the following rules: gloves should be complete in pairs and size; Packaging gloves should be such that all surfaces are available for steam necessary to avoid the formation of folds on the surface of the gloves, coarse packing, wrapping tight, to prevent bonding need to isolate one of the gloves from another layer of gauze (paper), and each pair of gloves wrap separately in gauze, in the straightened state bags and gloves should be put in a dressing box on its side (vertically, not horizontally – a package on package), loose weight, Sterilization of rubber medical gloves, carried by steam in a steam sterilizer at 120 C steam, 20 min exposure; Shelf sterilized gloves Bikse – three days. It should be noted that rubber gloves are manufactured by domestic producers, according to the instructions to withstand up to nine sterilization, but in practical Gloves can withstand the conditions of no more than dvuhtreh treatment in an autoclave. Single-use gloves must be stored prior to use in their original packaging at temperatures below 25 C, away from heat sources and ionizing radiation in the dark (it should be excluded from direct sunlight and fluorescent light from the devices). Relative humidity should not be so high that the gloves appeared condensate.

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