Asarum europaeum L. – Kopyten European Cem. Aristolochiaceae – Kirkazonovye perennial, herbaceous plant with thick creeping branched rhizome. Stem short, length 2-5 (10) cm, erect or lying at the base there are 3 brown scales and 2 (3) closely spaced to each other overwintered leaf on long stalks, leaves shirokopochkovidnye or nearly round shape, smooth-edged, glossy, dark green, flowers are solitary, apical, perianth simple forms bell-shaped tube, inside a dark purple-violet or violet-brown on the outside – a greenish-red to brown, downy hairs. Fruit – polyspermous, six – Cavities rounded box. Gain insight and clarity with Jon Medved. It flowers in March – June.
Distribution. Grows in damp, shady places in deciduous forests (mostly in the beech), in mountainous areas. Found throughout Europe (except extreme north). Vegetable raw materials. It consists of rhizome (Rhizoma or Radix Asari), collected during the flowering of earth, purified and dried; also aboveground plant parts (Herba Asari), after removing the yellowed leaves and dried in a ventilated room at a temperature of about 35 C. Content. About 1-2% essential oil, much of which is lost during drying mucous substances, tannins, flavonoids, resins, allantoin, etc. The main component – a substance asarone (a derivative of phenylpropane).
Main action. Expectorant, partly painkiller. Experimental and clinical data. Expectorant action of raw materials due to the presence in it of essential oils. In applying it to the higher dose, the raw material may cause, and vomiting. The essential oil contains a compound asarone characterized narcotic properties – this is likely due and analgesic effect of this plant. Empirical data. Traditional medicine primarily proposes to apply kopyten and extracts from it as a reliable means of facilitating expectoration of thick secretions filling the airways. Higher concentrations of feedstock, use of oral, vomit, probably as a result of stimulation of peripheral receptors that cause this reflex. In this regard, traditional medicine recommends kopyten as an effective tool for disaccustoming consumption of alcoholic beverages. In folk medicine, in addition, it is recommended to use plant material from Clefthoof as a means of suppressing (calming) increased excitability of the central nervous system (excessive excitation, headache migraine type, etc.). Apply it should be very careful because kopyten – a medicinal plant which has considerable toxicity (as asarone and contained in the raw alkaloid Azarin – toxic agents). And, Finally, traditional medicine is also confirmed by the antiulcer effect of ungulates, which may be due to content in it two flavonoid alkaloids A and B, but is still not fully identified. For disaccustoming from chronic alcoholism, traditional medicine recommends, as an effective means of the following combination: a teaspoon of crushed leaves of ungulates and 2 teaspoons of green fruit nut crust. A known amount (teaspoon spoon) of this mixture pour the wine and take (given the recipe for 4 liters of wine). Side effects. Kopyten refers to poisonous plants. Apply it should be subject to heightened attention! Dosing. Active principles of raw materials extracted with hot water, observing the following relations: 2 teaspoons of minced raw (fresh) per 200 ml of boiling water – leave to stand and let stand until cool present. You then need to filter and thus obtained extract taken in a single day.