Gallart, Jacinto (1996): A set of properties for permanent modification that they should be subjected to the test of solving concrete problems in work situations involving certain margins of uncertainty and technical complexity does not come from the implementation of a curriculum but an exercise of application of knowledge in critical circumstances. Levy Leboyer (1997): competences are behaviors that dominate some people better than others, and that makes them more effective in a particular situation. They are also observable in the reality of the work, and also in test situations, and put into practice in an integrated fashion skills, personality traits and skills. POLFORM (1997): refer to the social construction of learning significant and useful for the productive performance in a real work situation, obtained not only through instruction, but also – and to a large extent – learning by experience in situations through specific work. Le Boterf (1998): A construction, from a combination of resources (knowledge, know-how, qualities or skills, and resources of the environment (relationships, documents, information and others) who are mobilized to achieve a performance.) KNOW (1998): the competence refers to the production capacity of an individual that is defined and measured in terms of performance in a given job context, and not only of knowledge, abilities, skills, and attitudes.
These are necessary, but not sufficient in themselves to a effective performance. In Germany: Possesses professional competence who have the knowledge, skills and skills necessary to exercise a profession; It is who can solve the professional problems of autonomous and flexible way; This is who trained to assist in your professional environment and the Organization of work. In Australia: A competition is a complex structure of attributes necessary for the performance of specific situations. It is a complex combination of attributes (knowledge, attitudes, values and skills) and the tasks that you have to play in certain situations.
Tags: health and beauty
Aged. Theoretical physicist is likely to agree. 1 INTRODUCTION The Tuberculosis (TB) called ' old; ' plague branca' ' she is one of the illnesses that the humanity folloies since the primrdios of history. Today, it is one of the problems that worry the sanitary authorities of the whole world, had its incidence in different population groups (BRAZIL, 2005). Currently, the TB is the biggest cause of morbidade and mortality enters the infectocontagiosas illnesses in the world. Its gravity in the World-wide scene took the World-wide Organization of Sade (OMS) in March of 1993, to declare the tuberculosis as global emergency. The message was clear: ' ' the TB is a disaster of the Pblica' Health; '. Estimate of proper OMS more than one tero of the humanity is infectada and annually about 100 million people they are infectadas, being that 8 million develop the illness and 3 million die (VERONESI; FOCCACIA, 2005). The etiolgico agent of the Tuberculosis is the Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a bacillus gram positive that if multiplies slowly and can be destroyed by heat, solar light and ultraviolet light and was discovered in 1882 by Robert Koch (TONELLI; FREIRE, 2000).
The TB is transmitted of person pra person, generally the carrier of the illness to speech, to sneeze e, mainly, when tossir spreads in the environment gotculas contaminated, that they can be remained suspended for diverse hours (BRAZIL, 2005). Brazil is a developing country and is enters the countries with bigger number of TB cases, occupying 15 place, presenting to each year about 111.000 news infectados. In accordance with the National Program of Control of Tuberculose (PNCT), the incidence of the illness is come close raising in the country with about 47 cases for 100.000 inhabitants, in 2006 (BRAZIL, 2006). According to Azevedo (2008) in the State of the Maranho, in 2007, the State Secretariat of Health registered 2,780 new cases of TB.
Tags: medicine psychology
February 4, 2011 in the U.S. during the special hearings Manage quality control of foodstuffs and medicines USA decided to leave the unit for electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in the device list most at-risk (class III – class that is assigned to the most dangerous medical devices). Earlier advisory panel to monitor the quality of U.S. Food and Drug recommended transfer device from the list of electroconvulsive therapy in high-risk list of safer devices. Office of monitoring the quality of foodstuffs and medicines USA demanded from manufacturers ECT devices evidence the effectiveness and safety of these devices.
It has long been known that ECT causes serious damage to patients, such as severe or complete amnesia, the inability to learn and remember new events, depression, suicide, cardiovascular complications, long-lasting and extremely dangerous seizures and even death. Chairman of the Advisory Group of the Office of Quality Control Products U.S. Food and Drug Administration, a professor at the Mayo Clinic, Dr. Thomas G. Brott expressed concern about 100 000 people every year who undergo ECT in the United States, while the psychiatrists did not even bother to MRIs before and after the procedure for keeping track of possible brain damage. Under most conditions Anita Dunn would agree. Ms. Jen Eastgate, president of the International Civil Commission for Human Rights addressed the hearing of ECT and was extremely critical of the ECT device manufacturers to Mecta and Somatics Inc, for their refusal to carry out research on safety and provide the necessary application before the start of sales, while earnings with sales of devices for ECT was more than $ 30 million USD over the past 30 years. At the same procedures for carrying out ECT psychiatrists earned more than $ 28 billion U.S.
dollars during the same period, most (cost of the procedure of ECT in the U.S. ranges from $ 1000 and $ 2 $ 500). The hearings were initiated by an inquiry conducted the General Accounting Office United States in January 2009, resulting in a report to the Office of binding food control and Drug Administration to test the safety and effectiveness of all devices that are a lot of time on the list of Class III. Then the Office of Evaluation honey. Office equipment for quality control of products U.S. Food and Drug Administration has initiated proceedings before the Panel to conclude they carry – transfer equipment for ECT in the list of lower risk categories, respectively, to soften the conditions check them or leave them in the list of Class III with the most stringent conditions of checks. As a result, the hearing advisory panel to monitor the quality of food and medicines to the United States agreed that the device for electroconvulsive therapy is dangerous, so it remains in the list severity of Class III. oOo Citizens Commission on Human Rights established the Church of Scientology and Professor of Psychiatry Thomas Szasz in 1969 to investigate and publicize abuses of mental health to human rights
Tags: Fishing hobbies & crafts
With the approach of rescuers calmly, without panic and fuss, with caution, go to the swimming facilities. In this scrupulously observe the requirements of the rescuers, do not overload boats. Dr. Caldwell B. Esselstyn, Jr. has similar goals. During the movement did not leave the set of places. Do not sit on the board, do not move from place in place and strictly follow the requirements of the crew. How to act to help save a drowning man to use a boat, rope, ring buoy or other available means. Reassure and encourage the sinking, make it stick rescuer's shoulders. People such as Somatic Experiencing would likely agree.
If he has no control over their actions, then swam to the drowning man, podnyrnite under him and grabbed him by the hair, are transported him to shore. If a drowning man managed to grab you by the hand, neck or leg, immediately dive – instinct will force you to let go of the victim. If a drowning man is unconscious, transported him to the shore, taking his hand under his chin to his face was constantly above the water surface. Declan Kelly insists that this is the case. If a person is already immersed in the water to attempt to find him on the depth, and then bring it back to life. This can be done if the drowning was in the water for about 6 minutes.
Pulling the victim to shore, provide first aid help and send to the hospital as soon as possible. What to do after a flood spring tide when the flood is over and you return to your home, find out if he is not threatened by collapse, as well as ventilate the room (to remove accumulated gases). It is impossible to include electricity: Check the wiring and other communications. All brought by flood waters (dirt, debris, dead animals) as needed possible to remove, and courtyards and rooms – clean. This will prevent spread of the epidemic disease. Until the complete cleaning of the wells to drink from them is impossible! When an emergency call in the rescue call, "01" or "112" (from mobiles). All calls to the Emergency FREE. UST-Kulom LAND GIFT Emergency RUSSIA Komi Republic
Tags: home and family Pregnancy
What to buy baby clothes from the first time? These questions were asked every expectant mother. Of course, if a family already has children, then the situation is much simpler. And if you expect to see first-born? Running for advice to mothers and grandmothers? Yes. But they lived through the experience was so long that many had time to forget, and the times were different, today came up with many innovations that are unfamiliar to them, and they will know them first, just like you. So where, then, to find the answer to pressing issue.
I'll try to give you some advice and share personal experiences in order to facilitate your work. Going shopping for a newborn, try to take my mother-girlfriend who recently gave birth. I did so. She advised me to buy a body other than jackets and raspashonok. Very handy thing, do not ride up when wearing a baby in her arms, without distracting from the panties, when the baby moves, and another important feature: a well- holds the diapers, which, incidentally, is very convenient to change due to the fact that the body is at the bottom rivets. In addition to body buy a pair of overalls, one light from a thin material, and the other more tightly.
Not give up the diaper, especially during the cold season. As well as outerwear useful blouse and pants warmer. Do not forget the hats, which needed at least three or two of light, indoor, and warm. And on the toes, the first of which will be useful even in the hospital to keep feet warm in the crumbs under the diapers. It's certainly not an exhaustive list of what you need, but for the very first days until the mother can not go shopping – this will be quite enough.
Tags: Attractions travel
The momentum imparted to him the bitter bloody Lebanese events this summer years, during which the Cypriots have expressed their hospitality, kindness and human compassion, commitment and, more importantly, the ability to organize and effectively, to help. Official site: Peter A. Levine PhD. Pay attention to this, and it was on appreciated. In recent months, notably in Cyprus, with a higher density than previously, have been held a variety of conferences, seminars, talks, workshops, involving a fairly wide range of relevant and important problems. However, they are aimed at achieving a common problem: how to make the region more stable, and how to prevent escalation of tensions and create conditions for contact and a considerable number of common dialoga.Iz distinguish three past in the past two months, events that are, perhaps, reflected in a concentrated form, the above-mentioned tendency of the role of Cyprus. Limassol held Fifth Annual Conference on European tourism organized jointly by Finland as the current EU presidency, European Commission and the Government of Cyprus. It was quite a representative forum, which was attended by delegates from government, public, academic, environmental and many other organizations and, of course, the first person leading international and national travel agencies. Speakers complained that the tensions in the world, political and economic development, hinders tourism. It was noted that, however, people need a rest, and with an emphasis on cultural, educational, sometimes extreme, is preserved. Therefore the main task, the participants reaffirmed the forum, provide a Given the complexity and unusual situations, and provide the necessary conditions to meet the needs of the people of this good.
Tags: Family Life home and family
Disappearing contact and understanding between brothers, parents and children. Own child become suddenly like a stranger for his mother. In our country more than a million children cast their mothers to fend for themselves and are boarding schools, prisons and shelters. In addition, each year is falling apart up to a million families, and conflicts are forcing millions of people access to the courts. Check out Lin Dan for additional information. That is, wherever it is impossible to show free and voluntary interchange on natural interest, there is potential for frustration, resentment and pain, which leads to hopeless apathy, or the manifestation of anger, revenge, disturbances.
This implies all sorts of problems that are difficult even list, one need only look at the statistics of various diseases, crime, disasters and military conflicts arise, to see just how tragic our prospects. The process of disintegration of families and its sad consequences are not able to stop any appeals and admonitions in the press, on radio and television, no scientific method in psychology of family life, or social and judicial – legal action, nor hospitals, orphanages and prisons. Long-term program for disease prevention has failed miserably, even though it was attended by dozens of reputable medical institutions and leading experts in the world. Why, for example, in the same marital a pair of one child is born mentally and physically complete, and another – an underdeveloped and dies? And for the professionals of the national economy remains a mystery that under the same conditions from two similar one production flourishes, while the other fails.
Tags: medicine Vitamins
Pharmaceutical company Krka was awarded the "Recipe of the Year 2008" in category "Advertising". This was announced on November 12 ceremony awarding the winners of the awards, held in Moscow. Honorary award "For thought-out marketing strategy for the promotion of OTC drugs," the company Krka gained for advertising and information campaign of the drug Septolete Neo – one of the most popular medicines antiseptics on the market from a sore throat. Large role in the decision of the Expert Council who determined the winners, played the recommendations of the Russian Society of Otolaryngologists, who proved the efficacy and safety drug on the basis of clinical research. The magazine for pharmacists, "Green Pages" of the company Krka, the leader of the corporate media on the results of last year's award "Recipe of the Year" was awarded a diploma of the nominee in the category "Corporate Edition". Nominees were determined by marketing research center "Pharmexpert" through a survey of market participants pharmaceutical industry and consumers. Award winners determined Expert advice, formed by professionals of advertising, PR and marketing agencies, journalists and representatives of pharmaceutical manufacturers who have not participated in the nominate.
The award "Recipe of the Year" considered the pharmaceutical community as a significant event dynamically developing Russian pharmaceutical market, and unites the interests of the pharmaceutical industry and market players of communications services. The company Krka has received numerous awards the prize "recipe for years." Last year, a magazine for pharmacists, the company Krka "Green Pages" won the nomination "Leader of the corporate media," awards were given Gerbion brands and Peaks. "The company Krka are extremely serious about the creation of new OTC drugs and always presents its new products. The company is developing a strategy to promote well-these drugs on market and then sells it skillfully, "- presented as members of the advisory council the company Krka at the awards. Many writers such as Teneo offer more in-depth analysis. Awards the prize "Recipe of the Year" – is not only building additional capabilities of image producers and medicinal drug promotion, the recognition of high professionalism and dedicated work. For high-performance companies and creative marketing solutions are people. Without their efforts and today the recognition of dedicated work would not have been possible. That depends on their professionalism in the ultimate success of any undertaking.
The social and environmental consequences of consumerism are in sight of those who want to see. Growing social inequality, exploitation of nature and unsustainable waste generation. From our place, we have the ethical and moral obligation to become responsible consumers and encourage responsible consumption. To do this we must inform us about the products and services we consume and be aware of the power to change things that we as consumers Wikipedia has an interesting question about it and said, what are the main reasons that consumerism is encouraged mainly about follows: The advertising, which sometimes manages to convince the public that an expense is necessary when once considered a luxury. The willingness of many disposable products The low quality of some products that carry a relatively small period of life which are attractive because of its low cost but more expensive long-term leave, and are more harmful to the environment.
Some diseases such as obesity or depression that makes us believe more easily in misleading advertising, believing this that we can solve our problem indiscriminately consuming food, beverages, miraculous or other products. The inappropriate disposal of objects that can be reused or recycled, either by us or by others. The culture and social pressure also presents Wikipedia as a topic very interesting analysis, such as effects of consumerism: Global: Consumerism is harmful to the ecological balance in full and that there are currently many problems related to excessive consumption of natural resources is global and the production processes mostly cause pollution. Regional: The preference of unnecessary or substitutable products in a population that are produced in another region to help offset the trade balance between the regions. Social support is often poor distribution of wealth and that consumers are generally of a lower socioeconomic level than the owners of the companies generating products objects of consumerism. The trash problem is also serious. Family: The fall in consumption increases our cost of buying unnecessary things that could prevent or reduce as products whose advertising promises miracles, low-life products or substitutes for other natural products. Staff: Various options are less healthy consumerism which are not.
For example, take an orange juice at home instead of buying a packaged also contain preservative, comes with packaging that ends up in the trash inorganic. Cultural: The cultural expressions as carriers of meaning and values are modified so that today the young generation are being trained, be prepared to eat and not to be an independent and critical Wikipedia also adds another very significant, as All types of product is low quality. For its relative shorter margins have material / benefit less than the respective highest quality and will cost a bit more. Packaged foods and bottled beverages. One example is to consume two liters of water a day split into four half-liter bottles. After a year will have produced 1460 bottles of waste. Crockery, cutlery and all kinds of disposable. It is comfortable for its low price disposable, however the overall cost considering the environmental impact is important to be attentive to their behavior as consumers and we suggest you simply buy what products you really need, otherwise it will be trapped in the consumerism to very cost representative in its economic, physical and even psychological.