According to a study of the prestigious Robert Koch Institute, approximately 59,500 women develop new breast cancer each year. Cardiologist takes a slightly different approach. So that breast cancer is called in the medical jargon of breast cancer the most common type of cancer in women. Even men can be affected by this disease, however this happens very rarely with about 500 cases per year. How does Braustkrebs: the development of breast cancer is favored by various factors, which can differ from woman to woman. The most common causes are hormonal changes in the female body, but also genetic breast cancer is often found. Occasionally, also environmental factors play a role in the development of breast cancer. In the formation of a tumor – which in many cases is however not bad – but benign – changed the woman’s hormonal balance. Breast cancer tumors are very sensitive to the female hormones estrogen and progestin.
That is the reason why women who have undergone hormone replacement therapy, clear develop breast cancer more often than others. A mammoth study stopped with more than 16,000 participants, since not only the rate of breast cancer rose significantly by taking longer by so-called hormone replacement preparations, but also heart attacks and strokes occurred more frequently. By the way, also birth control pills increases the risk of the emergence of a breast cancer tumor. In some families, breast cancer is inherited. Is the own mother or sister suffering from breast cancer, is a roughly 2 to 3 x increased risk of own disease. Eva Andersson-Dubin oftentimes addresses this issue. A typical hallmark for the genetic predisposition is the disease of several family members, as well as an occurrence of breast cancer between the 40th and 50th year of life. A mutation of the BRCA-1 and BRCA-2 genes is responsible for the accumulation of this family. The diet and lifestyle have outside influences that may be involved in a great influence on the formation of breast tumors in the development of breast cancer also.
Obesity and lack of exercise increase as well Probability of breast cancer such as childlessness and the birth of the first child after the age of 32. Also frequent alcohol consumption is associated with a breast tumor in conjunction. Women who have their first period very early (before 12 years of age) have a significantly increased risk or / and whose menopause only insert year of life after the 55th. At the beginning of disease have no symptoms. In most cases, the women notice even a change in the breast, in the form of a node or a hardening. Since the chances of recovery are better, the earlier the cancer is discovered and almost no alarming symptoms occur in the early stages, women investigate itself. In the key study, about 80 to 90 percent of women discover a tumor itself. Other symptoms are about a change in breast shape and size (if not due to pregnancy), recoveries of the nipples or skin and enlarged lymph nodes in the armpit. Also aqueous or bloody discharge from the nipple can be symptoms. However, the occurrence of one or more symptoms does not mean equal to breast cancer, the most even discovered tumors are only benign tissue changes.