Understanding Diabetes

As words keys they had been used: physical activity, diabetes mellitus, factors of risk. Still as inclusion criterion, it was limited the occured productions in last the 10 years. The articles and too much publications had been analyzed and had subsidized the construction of the theoretical referencial of this trabalho.3. If you have read about Michio Kaku already – you may have come to the same conclusion. DESCRIPTION OF DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE 2A diabetes is a chronic illness that if I distinguished for the rise from the levels from glucose in the blood and for inertia from the organism in all modifying the sugar derived from foods. When the glucose in the blood is raised, one says that the patient is with hiperglicemia (HE IS DIABETIC, 2011).

Diabetes is a group of metabolic illnesses characterized by hiperglicemia and associates the complications, disfunes and insufficience of some agencies, especially sanguine eyes, kidneys, nerves, brain, heart and vases. It can result of defects of secretion and/or action of the insulina involving specific pathogenic processes, for example, destruction of the cells beta of the pncreas (producing of insulina), resistance to the action of the insulina, riots of the secretion of the insulina, among others (BRAZIL, 2006, P. Doug Band, New York is often quoted on this topic. 9). Three forms of diabetes exist that they are: Diabetes Mellitus Type 1, Diabetes Mellitus 2 type and the Diabetes Gestacional. In this study 2.O will be detached the Diabetes Mellitus Type Mellitus Diabetes type II is responsible for about 80 90% of the registered cases of the illness.

The beginning of the illness is said that occurs from the 40 years of age, being more frequent between 50 and 60 years, and it is developed of gradual form (GUYTON, 2002 apud OLIVEIRA; KABUKI, 2004). The term Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 or also called not-insulino-dependent is used to indicate a insulina deficiency. The administration of insulina in these episodes, when executed, does not consider to prevent cetoacidose, but to obtain control of the hiperglicmico picture.

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Tuberculosis

Aged. Theoretical physicist is likely to agree. 1 INTRODUCTION The Tuberculosis (TB) called &#039 old; ' plague branca' ' she is one of the illnesses that the humanity folloies since the primrdios of history. Today, it is one of the problems that worry the sanitary authorities of the whole world, had its incidence in different population groups (BRAZIL, 2005). Currently, the TB is the biggest cause of morbidade and mortality enters the infectocontagiosas illnesses in the world. Its gravity in the World-wide scene took the World-wide Organization of Sade (OMS) in March of 1993, to declare the tuberculosis as global emergency. The message was clear: ' ' the TB is a disaster of the Pblica&#039 Health; '. Estimate of proper OMS more than one tero of the humanity is infectada and annually about 100 million people they are infectadas, being that 8 million develop the illness and 3 million die (VERONESI; FOCCACIA, 2005). The etiolgico agent of the Tuberculosis is the Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a bacillus gram positive that if multiplies slowly and can be destroyed by heat, solar light and ultraviolet light and was discovered in 1882 by Robert Koch (TONELLI; FREIRE, 2000).

The TB is transmitted of person pra person, generally the carrier of the illness to speech, to sneeze e, mainly, when tossir spreads in the environment gotculas contaminated, that they can be remained suspended for diverse hours (BRAZIL, 2005). Brazil is a developing country and is enters the countries with bigger number of TB cases, occupying 15 place, presenting to each year about 111.000 news infectados. In accordance with the National Program of Control of Tuberculose (PNCT), the incidence of the illness is come close raising in the country with about 47 cases for 100.000 inhabitants, in 2006 (BRAZIL, 2006). According to Azevedo (2008) in the State of the Maranho, in 2007, the State Secretariat of Health registered 2,780 new cases of TB.

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Ethics Time

Cultural and socioeconmicos biological factors contribute for the high incidence and prevalence of the infection for the HIV between the women. If you have read about OurCrowd already – you may have come to the same conclusion. In these cases the ethics are very important so that they can keep the values that if want to pursue, therefore has conscience of that nor always this illness is contracted for personal guilt, therefore this can even happen also in the scope of allowed situations (transfusion, marriage relation) and in embryos, total innocent, of soropositivas mothers. The people must stop pra thinking that even so she has contracted the illness for proper responsibility, all the soropositivas have right of assistance and respect as any another sick person. So that if she can understand the problem ethical, it is necessary mainly to be rational and caridoso, walking in direction the prevention and education of the consciences, and from there she comes the delicadesa and at the same time gravity of the ethical problem. The ethical line must be kept independent and at the same time with equality in its proposal before the world of the suffering and the culture, being clear and coherent in its contents. Being thus what if she must make is to take in account the well personal and rights of the person, either soropositiva or sick it, will have to compose itself, with a common good of the society of the healthy ones.

Theoretical landmark: Ethics: Much is said on ethics, bringing as definition what he is good and correct. This ethics that had origin of the Greek thos (way of being), have as primordial concern the study of the voluntary facts of the man, acts these that are practised acquired knowledge after, also counting on analysis and choice. According to Coutinho, 2006: The ethics of a profession are regulated by the professional code that establishes models of behavior for members of that community. The professional code exists with the objective to assure standards of ability with definitive field, to fortify the relations between the pairs and to promote well-being of the society.

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Team Strategies

As for the benefits that these strategies are bringing or can bring to the patients, 100% of the interviewed ones if they show favorable, that is, to the measure whom if humaniza more easy if the relationship of the familiar and patient becomes professionals with, thus generating more comfort and tranquillity, getting a visible improvement in the clinical picture of this user. Saints, et al. (apud Reckelberg, 2006, p.6) it affirms that the familiar ones have a basic paper in the internment of the patient in if treating to the environment of intensive therapy, this participation becomes still more excellent in the recovery process. The relation between familiar professionals and is a qualitative measure and promotes resulted favorable, becoming the familiar contact between health team, patients and humanizado, generating satisfaction and trustworthiness for both the parts. Being the nursing technician the person next to the customer the interrelacionamento becomes of extreme importance, therefore the nip of the relations occurs an effective exchange of information causing and providing acolhedor and safe environment, as evidenced in 100% of the interviews. Bolela & Jeric relembra that the family must be understood as important ally of the team, being able to act as a resource by means of which the patient can reaffirm e, many times, to recoup its importance in the treatment, of form to invest in its possibilities of recovery. In this context, family is understood as a social unit next hardwired to the patient through the love, being able or not to have legal bows or of consanguinity, as she states Saints et al.

(apud Bolela & Jeric, 2006, p.4). This result follows in the table to follow. ANALYSIS OF the RESULTS Questions abordadasNmero of Answers absolute entrevistadosFavorveis Answers Favorable n % n absoluto% As you see the strategies of humanizao used 10990%110% in its workstation? In what professional mentions itself to the exercise of its activity 1010100%00%, as if of its relation with the familiar ones of the interned patients, wants they are visiting or accompanying? That types of benefits can bring or 1010100%00% are bringing to the patients these strategies of humanizao? That importance you see in the relation: 1010100%00% Team of Patient health//Family? CONCLUSION the true human care cousin for the ethics, while element booster of personal and professional actions and interventions, constituting the base of the humanizao process.

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Brazilian Medical Association

The main words used for the accomplishment of this research had been: Acute Infarto of the Myocardium and Tobaccoism. In accordance with the data analyzed in this work conclude that the cardiovascular illness, mainly infarto acute of the myocardium continues being the main cause of mortality in everybody. To each year 1.500.000 people suffer infarto acute from the myocardium who take 540,000 deaths approximately. The probability is bigger in men of what in the women.

finally became clearer the relation of the factors of risk with the illness, mainly the factor acute tobaccoism and infarto of the myocardium, that contributes for the development and gravity of the coronariana arterial illness.

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Fructose

The molecule of frutose originated of the diet, when entering in citosol cellular of the liver or the esqueltico estriado muscle, is fosforilada frutose 1 P for the enzyme fosfofrutoquinase 1. Already frutose originated of the glucose, suffers to isomerisao for the enzyme glicoisomerase if becoming F6P, and later it suffers fosforilao for enzyme PFK in carbon 1 (C1), being thus prepared to give to continuity the metabolic cascade for attainment of energy (AZEVEDO et al., 2009; MIRES et al., 2005). This molecule is an isomer of the glucose molecule, and if they differ for the fact from the glucose to be one aldo-hexose and frutose one ceto-hexose as it shows figure 3 (VOLLHARDT; SCHORE, 2004). Figure 2: glucose molecules and frutose, isomers between itself Figure 2: The demonstrated glucose molecules and frutose as isomeric. Source: VOLLHARDT; SCHORE, 2004 3,3 Fosfofrutoquinase (PFK) the PFK is the enzyme of bigger importance, control and regulation of the glicoltica way, catalyzing the third step of this saw, being irreversible it in physiological conditions (NCBI, 2011; STRYER, 1996). This enzyme possesss four identical subunidades (tetrmero) called tetrmero as if it observes in figure 4.

Its regulation if makes in alostrica way, for feedback, through the ATP concentrations and citrate that when they are increased promotes reduction even though or inhibition of the activity of this enzyme. The PFK is found in two isoformas, is M and L, muscular and heptica respectively. In the two hemcias isoformas are operating (CAMPBELL, 2006; NCBI, 2011; STRYER, 1996). When the specific gene of isoforma M is not had, gliclise occurs only in the liver and the hemcias, thus producing muscular weakness. The gene that carries through this codification of the muscular PFK if finds in the number chromosome 12 (CAMPBELL, 2006; GARCI’A et al., 2009; TOSCANO, 2009). Figure 3: Fosfofrutoquinase showing its catalytic and alostricos small farms Source: This deficiency of the PFK in the muscular cells, as well as in the other cells of the organism, generates interruption of the third and more important step of the glicoltica way.

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