Pain and death are part of human life since we are born in the midst of the pains of birth of our mother until we die. Throughout our existence (physical or moral) pain is present, nobody is alien to pain or its subjective aspect: the feeling. Death is the inevitable fate of every human being, it is the natural horizon of the vital process, it is the planned culmination of life, both pain and death are not obstacles to life, but dimensions or phases of it. Man desire your happiness, your well-being and instinctively flee the pain, suffering and death and their attitude towards these facts boils down to three situations: euthanasia, dysthanasia and ortotanasia. What is euthanasia? Derived from the Greek word eu: well and thanatos: death in the etymological sense means good death, well die; However since ancient times this word has acquired another sense and is understood both in academic environments and in the village to seek death without dolora sufferers, as a homicide by compassion, i.e. means cause the death of another by mercy before his suffering or atentiendo his desire to die for reasons that may be. Other side derived from the gray Greek dysthanasia: evil (something badly made) and thanatos: death, it is the opposite of euthanasia and consists in delaying the advent of death using disproportionate means; lately called relentless, obstinacy or futile life support therapy. Meanwhile, the ortotanasia, from the Greek Ark: straight and thanatos: death refers to the correct action ante to the death. Is euthanasia a medical problem? As the problem currently euthanasia affect squarely to the world of medicine as the physician, or health personnel is front who is terminally ill, but it is not properly speaking a medical problem or not should seriously, because you deserve the same score ethical if the practice a doctor or a relative or a friend of the victim, in both cases it is about is the death of a man in the hands of another, is not a form of medicine the euthanasia, but a form of homicide and if a physician practice this will be denying the medicina as the raison d ‘ etre of the medicine is the healing of the sick at any stage of their illness; mitigation of their headaches and help cope with the Supreme death trance when cure is not possible; anyone can warn that helping a patient to die with dignity is one thing and another thing is cause you death, is not therefore euthanasia a technique, a resource of medicine on the contrary it replaces, the denies and the eject.