The main words used for the accomplishment of this research had been: Acute Infarto of the Myocardium and Tobaccoism. In accordance with the data analyzed in this work conclude that the cardiovascular illness, mainly infarto acute of the myocardium continues being the main cause of mortality in everybody. To each year 1.500.000 people suffer infarto acute from the myocardium who take 540,000 deaths approximately. The probability is bigger in men of what in the women.
finally became clearer the relation of the factors of risk with the illness, mainly the factor acute tobaccoism and infarto of the myocardium, that contributes for the development and gravity of the coronariana arterial illness.