Adrift distinguish atypical, light, medium heavy and heavy forms of scarlet fever. Learn more on the subject from Kynikos Associates. Severe form can occur with a predominance of toxicity or necrotic tonsillitis and septic complications. Atypical scarlet fever can occur in the form of scarlatinal sore throat without a rash or have blurred the clinical flow. If the gateway is not shed, and damaged skin or mucous membrane, it develops ekstrabukkalnaya form of scarlet fever. In such cases, inflammatory changes of the pharynx and cervical lymph nodes are absent, and there are regional lymphadenitis in connection with the place of the entrance gate to the infection. Complications: cervical lymphadenitis, phlegmonous adenitis, otitis and mastoiditis, sinusitis, nephritis, pneumonia, etc., in connection with the use of antibiotics Complications are rare. Treatment.
When a toxic form of scarlet fever should be possible to introduce before intramuscular 20 000 -50 000 AE protivoskarlatinoznoy antitoxic serum. Penicillin and tetracycline drugs prescribed for scarlet fever, give good results in the treatment of sepsis and septic complications of forms. With the same purpose prescribed sulfa drugs, as well as chloramphenicol. In cases of lung flow can be dispense antibiotics. Of great importance is nursing, compliance with hygiene rules, taking care of the mouth and throat, the use of means acting on the reactivity of the body: blood transfusion, autohaemotherapy, ultraviolet irradiation, etc. Prevention.
Patients with scarlet fever to be hospitalized for clinical and epidemiological indications (severe course of illness, young children, contact with healthy children). Excerpt convalescents made on clinical indications; during hospitalization is important to observe a one-time filling the chambers patients, resulting in reduced ability of superinfection. Convalescents is not allowed in children's groups for 12 days. Children under 9 years old, communicating with patients to be quarantined for 7 days, the other person – to a medical examination specialist. A final disinfection of scarlet fever performed. – Medicinal plants in folk medicine