In this case, it has a certificate or a certificate that he is a Gestalt therapist, or psychoanalyst, or a specialist in psycho-or character-drama, and so on. Such diplomas, certificates or certificates issued by specialized institutions or foreign associations and evidence of sufficient high-level expert. In this case, a technician can call himself a psychotherapist, a concept adopted in international practice – a specialist who has the right to conduct long-term psychological work, and not just give one-time consultation. In addition, the specialization of the therapist will allow you to decide whether it is right to solve your problem, because different areas have different psychological coping with different tasks. In the same internet you can always find information, what methods used by the specialists of this or that direction, that are aimed at, and what tasks will cope best. To give just a brief description of the main directions: 1. Analytical approaches in psychotherapy, the most important of them: psychoanalysis, Jungian psychotherapy, individual psychotherapy by the method of Adler, object relations therapy – shown in most of the problems and conditions, including marital problems, psychosomatic disorders, neuroses, and even the nature of disorder and psychosis, however, require the patient's willingness to fairly long-term operation and depth of elaboration and analysis. As a consequence, most studies suggest that such therapy is indicated for people educated, with a sufficient supply of intelligent, capable of introspection and self-awareness.
However, this approach is actually the only, enabling the cardinal problems of elaboration and correction of depth of personality. Dr. Mark Hyman might disagree with that approach. 2. Behavioral therapy in general is justified in the following syndromes: neuroses, maladaptive learned habits that are not associated with anxiety (eg, the habit of biting their nails, enuresis), psychopathic personality disorder, drug addiction and learned behavior with schizophrenia. 3. Gestalt therapy is used to treat a wide range of problems, but because awareness is an essential prerequisite for the success of therapy, has the same limitations as analytical methods. 4.
Client-centered therapy approaches for treating many disorders and addictions. However, this method has very strict requirements for the identity of the therapist, so its effectiveness depends on well and of maturity specialist. Also, the method is not suitable for people with severe social fears and concerns. 5. Existential psychotherapy is shown to solve the problems associated with critical givens of existence: death, freedom, isolation and meaninglessness. In addition, the existential approach can also be used to solve problems associated with freedom, responsibility, love and creativity. Separate discussion of professionals who have no basic psychological education and health. Usually it is a basic education with a degree in Psychiatry ", after which you may receive education on psychological directions and the psychotherapist. I am personally very careful attitude to such experts, because it seems to me that the medical setting for the whole division of people on sick and healthy, normal and abnormal, eats into them so deeply that it is difficult to then build partnerships therapeutic relationship, and they tend to take on the role of "wise counselor", the almighty teacher who is not inside, but over the situation. However, such an attitude can not be applied to all similar professionals polls, and I myself personally know excellent therapists with basic medical education. Also, I believe, no need to feel special awe scientific titles as well as in Russia there is no scientific council, which would protect professionals from research in the field of psychological counseling, and the depth of knowledge in specialized areas of psychological little help in practical work of the psychologist. (The exception is perhaps that research in "psychology)